Each country or region has its own unique classification of biodiversity management areas based on a value system developed by Parks of the World. Specific types of biodiversity management areas relate to different park classifications.

We propose international and national parks or regional parks by placing them into four basic classifications.

Park Classifications

Ecological Parks
Ribbon Parks
Cultural Resource Parks
Town or City Parks

Each park classification can have several different types of biodiversity management areas that have different levels of value to a country or region. An international panel of park planning experts from Parks of the World, in association with the country's experts or region's representatives, evaluates the different types of biodiversity management areas for each classification of park. Plan Earth uses these same classifications in its globe model of international parks. We do this to evaluate the best linkage between countries based on the critical nature or unique habitat that spans two or more countries.


In this classification of park we find unique biodiversity management areas. These biodiversity management areas are types of areas that are the most critical ones for providing a continuum of ecological balance in a nation, region, or among several countries. These biodiversity management areas are unique because of the limited communities of species. These areas can be land or water based sites that we now call endangered species habitats or potentially sensitive ecosystems. We recommend limiting human intervention into these areas. We design and develop management plans to access these type parks for specific purposes. These type parks can be adjacent to ribbon parks and cultural resource parks.
These parks are the most critical areas for a country's or region's biodiversity of land and water resources because we do not know the effects of losing these limited habitats and related species.


These biodiversity management areas are based on a similar concept as "Green Belts" but are called "Ribbon Parks". The ribbon parks are water or land based ribbon buffer zones or species linkage routes for the enhancement of less unique but import biodiversity management areas. Ribbon parks weave through the human environment and provide landscape and waterscape linkage to other biodiversity management areas. The ribbon parks include human uses like walking trails, bicycling trails, waterways, and other forms of linkage like roads, railways, and water access routes that provide transportation opportunity from non-polluting modes of transportation.


These are parks that provide human fulfillment of a region's cultural values. These parks are places where human interaction takes place. Human impacts to a cultural resource park can destroy the intended experience or message the park is trying to convey. Many parks in the world are being loved to death. The experiences of visiting a cultural resource like a unique waterfall or battlefield can be diminished by over-use of a cultural resource park. Parks of the World develops management plans for each individually planned cultural resource park to provide the best balance between park usage and a high quality experience by a park visitor.


These biodiversity management areas are man-made areas that sustain limited biodiversity. These are areas like city and regional parks or more easily described as open space areas with minimal biodiversity as a result of human usage but can be important linkage routes for sensitive species.


We need to know how much of a country or region consists of land and water resources that are altered by human intervention. We need to know the size of these areas in relation to its human population to be able to estimate the kind of park system a country or region can sustain. We measure these human effects against our global model, Plan Earth, to evaluate international effects and possible international restoration. We do these social analyses to consider the option of biological restoration and linkage to other categories of parks.